Diet for Recovering Alcoholics: Nourish Your Recovery

Last Updated: April 29, 2024

Making good nutritional food choices as you recover from alcohol addiction will help you succeed in your recovery journey.

As you recover from alcohol, your body undergoes high stress. Maintaining the proper diet can help to reduce the stress your body experiences and better equip you to handle the difficulties of alcohol withdrawal.

Article at a Glance:

  • Your nutritional intake can impact your recovery from alcohol addiction.
  • A healthy diet when recovering from alcoholism includes protein, healthy fats, fiber, fruits and vegetables.
  • Nutritional supplements may help augment your nutrition during recovery.
  • You should avoid sugary or processed foods while recovering from alcoholism.
  • A nutritionist can help you create a personalized dietary plan that meets your needs and goals.

Understanding Nutrition’s Role in Alcohol Recovery

Alcohol negatively impacts your overall nutritional health, impairing your body’s ability to heal quickly and effectively. These nutritional deficiencies can make it harder to recover from alcohol addiction and create other health problems. Making good dietary choices as you recover from alcohol addiction will help you be well-equipped to succeed in your recovery journey.

Effects of Alcohol on Nutritional Health

Alcohol impacts your nutrition in multiple ways. Alcohol is an empty calorie, increasing your calorie intake without actually providing nutritional value. Heavily drinking increases calorie intake significantly, making you more likely to gain weight.

Instead of weight gain, those with a very severe alcohol addiction may experience malnutrition. This can occur when an alcohol addiction becomes so preoccupying that the person with the addiction fails to eat like they should, getting most of their calories from alcohol. Alcohol does not provide essential nutrients, and malnutrition can develop. 

The nutritional issues can be severe. If obesity develops, it increases the risk of many different diseases. Malnutrition can be even worse, suppressing your immune system and leaving you unable to respond to even minor health problems. Prolonged alcohol use can also cause a severe deficiency in thiamine, a nutrient vital to brain health; this deficiency can lead to permanent brain damage.

Importance of Balanced Nutrition in Recovery

Recovery is an ideal time to restore a balanced diet. Not only can it be a good time to regain control over your diet, but it will help your body to achieve optimal function as it goes through the difficulties of withdrawal. A good diet can help improve your mood, increase your energy levels, stabilize your blood sugar levels and reduce cravings.

Healthy Diet for Alcohol Recovery

Proper nutrition is essential in recovering from alcohol addiction. Adopting a balanced diet can assist the body in healing and recovering from the damage inflicted by long-term alcohol abuse. There are several important components of a healthy diet.

Role of Protein-Rich Foods

Protein plays a significant role in alcohol recovery and is essential for repairing and growing body tissues. When you drink alcohol, it damages your body’s tissues, especially the liver. Consuming protein-rich foods, such as lean meats, fish, eggs, legumes and nuts, can aid in repairing this damage.

Proteins also provide a feeling of satiety, preventing overeating and helping maintain a healthy weight, which is often challenging during recovery. Balancing your protein intake with other nutrients is important for a balanced diet during recovery.

Importance of Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are nutritional powerhouses, high in fiber, vitamins and minerals, and low in calories. They can help the body repair damage caused by alcohol abuse by providing antioxidants, which fight against harmful free radicals produced during excessive alcohol consumption. They can also provide several important nutrients often deficient in those with alcohol addiction.

Fruits and vegetables also contain many compounds that can aid in liver detoxification. While they won’t repair permanent liver damage, they can speed recovery. They also help maintain a healthy digestive system, which can be disrupted by alcohol. Incorporating a variety of fruits and vegetables into your daily diet ensures a wide array of these beneficial compounds.

Healthy Fats for Alcohol Recovery

Contrary to common misconceptions, not all fats are bad for health. Healthy fats, particularly omega-3 fatty acids in foods like fatty fish, walnuts, chia seeds and flaxseeds, play an essential role in brain health. Since alcohol consumption affects the brain and can lead to conditions like depression and anxiety, these fats can aid in recovery by enhancing cognitive functions and mood.

Additionally, healthy fats support overall health by reducing inflammation, promoting heart health and aiding the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins often deficient in those with alcohol dependency.

How Whole Grains Assist in Detoxification

Whole grains, such as oats, brown rice and quinoa, are essential to a recovery diet as they are rich in B vitamins and fiber. B vitamins are important in detoxification and energy production. Thiamine, a B vitamin, is vital to brain health. Alcohol depletes these vitamins, so replenishing them is key to recovery.

Fiber from whole grains also aids in detoxification by promoting healthy bowel movements, which help remove toxins from the body. They also provide a steady energy source, helping prevent spikes in blood sugar and cravings that may lead to relapses.

Nutritional Supplements for Alcohol Recovery

Nutritional supplements can play an important role in alcohol recovery, assisting in replenishing the nutrients often depleted due to alcohol misuse. B vitamins such as thiamine (vitamin B1) and folate (vitamin B9) are critical for brain function and energy production, which can be negatively impacted by chronic alcohol consumption. Regular supplementation of these vitamins may assist in restoring cognitive function and general vitality. 

Minerals like magnesium and zinc can benefit recovery. Magnesium can help reduce alcohol cravings and improve sleep quality, both common problems during alcohol withdrawal. Zinc can help strengthen the immune system and help improve your mood.

As with any supplement regimen, it is essential to consult with a healthcare provider to ensure these are appropriate and safe for your personal health circumstances. It is also important to remember that supplementation should support, not replace, a balanced diet.

Foods To Avoid During Alcohol Recovery

While many foods can help promote recovery, some can hinder your recovery. Processed foods or foods high in sugar can promote inflammation, encourage poor eating habits and fail to provide the nutrition you need to optimize your body during recovery. 

Foods high in sodium should also be avoided, as they can increase your blood pressure and provide adverse heart effects while your body goes through withdrawal. Withdrawal is also a time when your body is hyperactive and sensitive to stimulation, so avoiding foods or beverages with caffeine is a good idea.

Creating a Nutritional Plan For Alcohol Recovery

Good nutrition during recovery is important; however, good dietary practices rarely happen accidentally. A good plan is essential to maximize the benefit of changing your diet and stick with the changes during recovery.

The best approach to creating a nutritional plan during alcohol recovery is to consult a nutritionist who can provide personalized guidance that will work best for you and help you meet your goals. A nutritionist can help you address specific dietary needs, establish regular meal patterns, achieve portion control and help meet many other important nutritional needs.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are there any specific dietary guidelines or restrictions for recovering alcoholics?

While several dietary changes can benefit someone recovering from alcohol, no specific, recognized nutritional guidelines or restrictions apply to someone recovering from alcoholism. The only potential restriction would be relating to the use of alcohol itself. 

What are some nutrient-rich foods that can support the recovery process for alcoholics?

Many nutrient-rich foods can support recovery; however, specific foods typically depend on the individual’s preferences. Foods rich in protein, fiber or healthy fats are ideal. A high intake of fruits and vegetables and avoiding processed or sugary foods is also important to getting the nutrients that your body needs.

Are there any specific meal plans recommended for recovering alcoholics?

There are no meal plans that major scientific or medical organizations specifically recommend. Nutritionists, however, can provide detailed, personalized meal plans for those recovering from alcoholism to help them meet their nutritional goals and optimize their recovery.

How can diet contribute to overall well-being and mental health during recovery?

A good diet can help promote improved energy and enhance the body’s ability to respond to physical stress during recovery. Your diet can also impact neurotransmitter levels and function and gut bacteria. These factors impact your mental health and well-being.


Berman, Jacob. “Alcohol withdrawal.” MedlinePlus. February 28, 2023. Accessed July 27, 2023.

Berger, Fred K. “Substance use recovery and diet.” MedlinePlus. April 30, 2022. Accessed July 27, 2023.

U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. “Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025.” December 2020. Accessed July 27, 2023.

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. “The Nutrition Source: Vegetables and Fruits.” Accessed July 27, 2023.

Selhub, Eva. “Nutritional psychiatry: Your brain on food.” Harvard Health Publishing. September 18, 2022. Accessed July 27, 2023.

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